Leather Type Identification
Aniline - Cleaning Code A
(Also called Natural, Pure, Naked, or Unprotected)
Aniline leathers are colored with transparent dye. This leather has little or no protective treatment applied to it. It has a really soft, glove-like feel. There are two ways to tell aniline dyed leather from others.
- Lightly scratch the surface to see if it leaves a light scratch mark
- Lightly wet your finger, rub on leather lightly to see if it darkens
Pigmented - Cleaning Code P
(Also called Finished, Semi-Aniline, Everyday, Protected, or Fainted)
This is the most common leather type used in furniture, approximately 90% of the market. This leather has a uniform appearance and color. The leather has an intense color and a definite pattern (grain).
You cannot see any natural leather markings through the top coatings, because a pigmented leather paint coat is applied to the surface. It is then sealed with a durable finish. Properly maintained, this finish will provide years of cleaning ability and durability.
- Uniform color and grain patterns
- Will not scratch easily
- Water drops will not change color
Nubuck - Cleaning Code N
(Also called Chaps, Distressed, Bomber or Suede)
These are natural Aniline leathers that have been surface brushed or buffed on the grain side of the leather creating a nap and leaving a texture similar to velvet (softess of all leathers to the touch).
Usually Nubuck has a natural finish, but may have a light protective coat and a transparent leather dye for color. This process increases the leathers surface exposure making it extremely absorbent to body oils and soil, and difficult to clean effectively.
- Very soft to the touch
- Will scratch or scuff very easily
- Water drops will darken the leather but it returns to its original color after drying
For waxed surfaces, rub an area of the leather several times with a sponge. This removes the wax to see if the leather meets test one or two.